Fishing Glossary


Fishing Terms & Abbreviations

Whether you’re heading out fishing for the first time or you’re a seasoned angler I recommend that you read through this comprehensive Fishing Glossary and brush up on your angling knowledge.

This alphabetized Fishing Glossary has over 240 terms different fishing terms along with their definitions.

Feel free to use the Glossary to simply lookup a term related to fishing, brush-up on your vocabulary or as an online reference/educational tool.


The degree of sourness of a usually water soluble substance. Acidity is measured in pH, with 7 being neutral and 2 being a strong acid.


Measure of rod performance ranging from slow to fast and describes the elapse time from when the rod is flexed to when it returns to its straight configuration. Also refers to the strength of the rod, light, medium and heavy, with light being a limber rod and heavy a stout rod.

Adipose fin

On some species, the fatty fin located between the dorsal and tail fin.

Air bladder

A gas-filled sac in the upper part of the body cavity of many bony fishes. It is located just beneath the vertebral column; its principal function is to offset the weight of the heavier tissue such as bone.


Simple plant organism (typically a single cell) commonly found in water.


Measure of the amount of acid neutralizing bases.

Anal fin

The unpaired fin that lies along the midline of the body beneath the anus, usually on the back half of the fish.


Person using a fishing pole or rod and reel to catch fish.


Any live earthworm placed on a fishing hook.


Usually refers to the recreational catching of fish (sport-fishing) by hook and line.


System that prevents reels (typically bait casters) from spinning in reverse and causing tangles.

Artificial lure

Means man-made devices intended as visual attractants for fish and does not include living or dead organisms or edible parts thereof, natural or prepared food stuffs, artificial salmon eggs, artificial corn, or artificial marshmallows.


Liquid, solid or power form of scent applied to fishing lures for increased productivity.


Part of the cast in which the fishing rod (usually a fly rod) and the fishing line is moved from a position in front to one in back of the angler. There can be successive back casts as line is played out to increase the distance and accuracy of the cast.


Any type of line used to partially fill a reel before the main fishing line is added; commonly used in fly-fishing or by bass anglers who use many of the newer thread-like or polymer lines.


An overrun of a revolving-spool reel, such as a bait-cast reel, which in turn causes the line to billow off the reel and tangle.


A method of boat control utilizing a motor to make a series of maneuvers in the presentation of a lure or bait. The most common back-troll method is using a front-mounted trolling motor to make the boat go backwards, while dragging or trolling the lure in front of the boat. Many back-troll methods, such as fishing for suspended crappies in winter or summer, involve a slow stop-and-go technique.


Rough water resulting from boat wakes rebounding off fixed objects such as canyon walls, docks or anchored boats.


Shallow area of a river that is sometimes isolated, often being located behind a sand bar or other obstruction in the river. Large backwaters tat are isolated may be referred to as oxbows.

Bag limit

Restriction in the number of fish an angler may retain, generally on a daily basis.


Metal, semi-circular arm of an open-face spinning reel that engages the line after a cast.


Can mean live bait or artificial bait, such as a lure.


Fishing with a revolving-spool reel and baitcasting rod, with the reel mounted on the topside of the rod.


Small fish, such as threadfin shad, that are often eaten by predatory fish, such as largemouth bass. This can refer to the fish that predators feed upon, or the kids of fish we place on a hook to catch a sport-fish. The use of bait fish is often regulated, so be sure to check the latest fishing regulations.


A special well or livewell in a boat to hold bait.


A method of fishing by casting from an area on a bank of water.

Bass boat

A design of shallow-drafting boat developed for modern, competitive bass fishing.


Long, shallow ridge in a body of water.


A sharp projection on a fishing hook that holds a hooked fish.


A hook manufactured without a barb, or one made barbless by cutting it off, filing it off or flattening the barb (typically with pliers).


Major indentation in the shoreline of a lake or reservoir.


In fishing, this term refers to bedding fish during the spawning period.

Bell sinker

A bell-shaped fishing weight.

Belly Boat

A trademark for a brand of rubber inner tube boat used for fishing in quiet water.


Occurring at or near the bottom of a body of water.


The study of living things.


When a fish takes or touches a bait so that the fisherman feels it.

Bite indicator

A device which activates or signals when a fish is on the line. It can be as simple as a bell placed on the line between two fishing pole guides that rings when a fish either nibbles or takes the bait. There are commercially made bite indicators as well. Bite indicators are often used by those bottom-fishing for catfish and carp.


The aggregate amount of living matter or a specific species within a specific habitat, or the total number of a specific species in a specific habitat.

Blind cast

Casting at no particular target.

Bluebird skies

A term used to describe bright, sunny, blue sky conditions that often make catching fish tough.


A float attached to the line under which a hook and sometimes a sinker hang. The bobber holds the bait or lure at a predetermined depth and also signals the strike of a fish (strike indicator). A variation is called a slip-bobber or slip-float, where the line runs freely through the bobber and there is a stop on the line for the predetermined depth.

Bottom feeder

A bottom-feeding fish, such as a catfish or carp. Refers to a fish that feeds predominantly on the bottom, not just one that is sometimes caught on the bottom, such as a largemouth bass or trout.


Using a bow and arrow, typically with a reel attached to the bow, to harvest fish.


A slang term for largemouth bass, aka bigmouth bass.


Water of intermediate salinity between seawater and freshwater.


Distinct variation in otherwise constant stretches of cover, structure, or bottom type. Basically anything that “breaks up” the underwater terrain.


A fish lost when the line breaks, as opposed to losing fish when the hook breaks, straightens or pulls out.


The inside or the outside edge of a stretch of brush.

Brush pile

Usually refers to a mass of small- to medium-sized tree limbs lying in the water. Brush piles may be only one of two feet across, or they may be extremely large; they may be visible or submerged. They can be created by Mother Nature or be man made. They typically attract fish, and fishermen.


Refers to the act of making a lure hit an object, such as a log, tree or rock, in a controlled manner (either intentionally or unintentionally), which can get the attention of a fish and result in a strike.

Bullet sinker

A cone-shaped piece of lead, zinc or steel of varying weights that slides up and down the line.


Top-water bait with large, propeller-type blades that churn the water during a retrieve. Usually comprised of a leadhead, a rigid hook and a wire that supports one of more blades. Typically has a plastic skirt like a spinnerbait.


Retrieving a spinnerbait or buzzbait along the water’s surface to create a splash effect to resemble a wounded baitfish.

California rig

A method of deep-water fishing in which a plastic worm is placed at the end of a leader trailing behind a sinker.

Cane pole

A pole of natural cane, often made from Calcutta or Tonkin bamboo, used for fishing. No reel is used; the line is tied to the pole. Extremely effective for fishing small, narrow streams or creeks. Those fishing with such a rig are said to be cane-poling.

Cartop boat

Refers to a boat small enough to be carried on the top of a car and hand-launched, especially at fisheries with limited or no boat launching facilities.

Carolina rig

A special rig in which an exposed or hidden hook is used with a soft plastic lure placed 2 to 3 feet behind an egg or barrel sinker and swivel. Used primarily for deep fishing with heavier weights than a Texas rig. This rig is most commonly used with a plastic worm or lizard, but can be used with floating crankbaits and other lures.


A member of the minnow family, introduced to the United States in the late 1800s. Typically refers to common carp originally from Europe and not grass carp (amur), which are from Asia.

Castaic Swimbaits

Castaic Swimbaits look like real fish, swim like real fish and have accounted for many lake, state and world record bass.


Refers to catching a fish and immediately releasing it. Many anglers practice catch-and-release as a way to help conserve the resource. In some waters, such as certain small trout streams, the state fishing regulations actually require anglers to catch-and-release.


A term for any of the many species of catfish, including black, blue, flathead, channel and yellow species. Fishing for catfish can be called catfishing and a person who fishes for catfish is a catfisherman (both one word).


The bed of a stream or river. This can also refer to a submerged stream or river channel in a reservoir.


Topwater plug with a dished-out, concave or cupped head designed to make a splash when pulled sharply. The act of systematically working the lure across the surface is called “chugging.”


To throw chum (typically cut up pieces of bait fish or other bait) overboard to attract fish. A chum line is the trail of bait or scent in the water that attracts game fish.


Refers to the depth you are able to see an object, such as your lure, under the water.


Describes a lake or stream with good visibility.

Cold front

A weather condition accompanied by high, clear skies, and a sudden drop in temperature.

Colwater fishery

Refers to waters typically in the higher elevations that can be predominately trout fisheries.

Cosmic clock

The sun’s seasonal effect on water and weather conditions relating to barometric pressure, wind, and cloud cover.


An indentation along a shoreline. A very small indentation a few feet or so across is often referred to as a “pocket cove.”


Natural or manmade objects on the bottom of lakes, rivers, or impoundments, especially those that influence fish behavior. Examples include stick-ups, tree lines, stumps, rocks, logs, pilings, docks, and weed patches.


A flashing, multi-bladed lure that resembles a small school of bait fish that is commonly used to troll for trout.


Any of a wide number of hard plastic or wooden lures that dive when retrieved (cranked with a reel) through the water. Crank or cranks are slang terms for these baits.

Creel limit

The daily number of fish an angler can keep in possession as set by state regulations. Can vary from water to water, so be sure to check the fishing regulations.


A method of removing and releasing lighter-weight fish from a livewell so the heaviest or tournament limit is retained.

Curly tail

A trademark for a brand of curved-tail soft-plastic lures.

Curly-tailed grub

A curved-tail soft plastic bait often fitted on a jighead.


Working a lure up and down in the same spot a dozen or more times in a bush, or beside a tree or other structure.


A small member of the dragonfly family.


A method of fly-fishing in which the fly is allowed to skip or dance on the water while line and leader are held above the water from a high rod.


A tree that has fallen into the water.

Deer-hair bug

A floating fly-rodding lure made from hollow deer hair and used principally for bass and panfish.


A sonar device used to read the bottom structure, determine depth, and in some cases actually locate fish. Also called a fishfinder.


Refers to having many fish die at the same time, quite often baitfish; also referred to as a fish kill.


A type of small earthworm popular for catching sunfish and trout.


A small bass, usually under 6 to 8 inches long (also called a subcatchable).

Dip bait

A smelly paste-type bait primarily used for catfish.

Dip net

A net with a handle used to capture baitfish.


Device for removing hooks deeply embedded in the throat of fish.

Disolved oxygen

The amount of free (usable) oxygen in water. Usually designated in parts per million.


A large aquatic insect, the larva of which is the popular hellgrammite bait.


A method of cane-pole or long-pole fishing in which a lure or bait is repeatedly dipped and dragged through likely fish structures. Used in largemouth bass and crappie fishing. Very effective when fish are holding tight to cover.

Dorsal fin

A median fin located along the back of a fish. It is usually supported by rays, which sometimes gives the fin a fan- or sail-like appearance. There may be two or more dorsal fins.


A ball of bait made from bread or specially prepared dough used for bait-fishing. Commonly used for carp.


Device on fishing reels that allows line to pay out under pressure, even though the reel is engaged; set correctly, it ensures against line breakage.


Lowering a lake level for a specific purpose.


Techniques used to fish by drifting with the current, sometimes in a drift boat.


A sudden increase in depth, often created by washes, small creek channels, canyons, pinnacles, and other submerged topographic features.

Drop shot

A tackle rigging technique employing a hook tied to the line from four-inches to four-feet above the sinker. The hook is attached using a Palomar knot and the weight is attached to the tag line from the knot. The hook is set at a 90-degree angle to the line, typically with the hook point pointing upward toward the pole. Typical drop shot baits are small, usually 4-inches or less.

Dry fly

A fly which floats on the surface of the water by means of hackle (feather) fibers. An angler employing this technique is said to be dry-fly fishing.


A common term for any of the many different fishing worms, including night crawlers (two words), garden worms, leaf worms, dillys, and red wigglers.


The borders created by a change in the structure or vegetation in a lake. Examples are edges of tree lines, weed lines, and the edges of a drop-off.

Egg sinker

An egg-shaped fishing weight with a hole through the center for the line to pass through.


A term used to describe using electrical current to temporarily stun fish, typically during fish surveys.


Highly fertile waters characterized by warm, nutrient-rich shallow basins.


The eyelets are the line guides or rings on a fishing rod through which line is passed.

False cast

Fly-casting line in the air (not touching the water) to increase length of line and perfect accuracy to the target.

Fan cast

Making a series of casts only a few degrees apart to cover a half circle (more or less). Often used to locate actively feeding fish.

Feeding times

Certain times of day when fish are most active. These are often associated with the position of the sun and moon and are referred to as solunar tables.

Filamentous algae

Type of algae characterized by long chains of attached cells that give it a stringy feel and appearance.


A method of using a sharp knife to separate the meaty portion of the fish from the bones and skeleton and/or skin for human consumption.

Finesse fishing

An angling technique characterized by the use of light tackle – line, rods, reels and artificial baits. It is often productive in clear, fairly uncluttered water, like many of our western impoundments.


A young fish about a finger long, usually 2 inches or so in length.


One who engages in fishing for sport or occupation, or for food.


A term used for a lake, river or stream where people can catch fish, or even a particular kind of fish, such as a bass or trout fishery.


A barbed or barbless hook used for catching fish. For fish hook sizes, always use numerals: No. 2, No. 4 etc.


In fishing, a shallow section of water where game fish feed or spawn.


A method of fishing by which the lure is swung, not cast, to the target or structure, often with as little disturbance of the water as possible. This technique is often used for placing baits strategically in thick cover, such as bushes, trees and stick-ups.

Flipping stick

Heavy action fishing rod (usually a baitcasting rod and reel), 7 to 8 feet long, designed for bass fishing using the flipping and or pitching techniques.

Florida rig

Very similar to the Texas rig, the only difference is the weight is secured by “screwing” it into the bait.

Florida largemouth bass (Micropterus salmoides floridanus)

Also known as the Florida-strain bass, the Florida largemouth bass is a subspecies of Largemouth bass. The Florida largemouth bass has slightly smaller scales than the northern largemouth bass (Micropterus salmoides salmoides) in relation to the size of its body. It has 69 to 73 scales along the lateral line, compared to 59 to 65 on the northern largemouth. It grows faster and reaches larger sizes in warm waters than the northern largemouth, leading to its popularity in stocking efforts across the U.S.

Float tube

A special fishing tube in which an inner tube is covered by a casing fitted with a seat to allow an angler to float free.

Float fishing

To traverse a river, stream or lake by some type of watercraft while fishing, most commonly in a tube, raft, canoe, or kayak.


Any type of bait that is cast and then allowed to “flutter” down, resembles a dying bait fish. Typically used in bass fishing.


A natural insect used by fish as food or an imitation of a natural insect used by fly-anglers.


A method for a fly-fishermen to cast flies to fish or to spots likely to hold fish.

Fly line

A line specifically designed to be used with fly-fishing tackle and a fly rod, the act of which would be termed fly-rodding.


To hook a fish other than in the mouth where it should take a bait or lure.


Small baitfish, crayfish and other creatures that bass or other predator fish eat. Term may also be used in the sense of bass actively looking for food (foraging).


A reel that allows line to feed freely to the fish or current, or the method of feeding line without drag or resistance to fish or current.


A term referring to bodies of water that do not have salt.


Weather system that causes changes in temperature, cloud cover, precipitation, wind and barometric pressure.


Immature fish from the time they hatch to the time they become fingerlings.


A popular brand name of hooks.

Game fish

Species of fish caught for sport that fights hard when hooked. Legal game fish are defined in statute, specific to each state in the US.


Any tools used to catch fish, such as rod and reel, hook and line, nets, traps, spears and baits.


Respiratory organ of many aquatic animals, such as fish.

Gill opening

An opening behind the head that connects the gill chamber to the exterior.

Gill net

A commercial (not sport-fishing) net used to harvest fish. So named because of the mesh sizes designed to catch the intended species by the gill. Commonly used by biologists when conducting fish surveys.


A brand name of tube bait (the original).


The grayline on a fish finder lets you distinguish between strong and weak echoes. For instance, a soft, muddy or weedy bottom returns a weaker symbol, which is shown with a narrow or no gray line. A hard bottom returns a strong signal, which causes a wide and dark grayline.


A northern species of freshwater game fish; a member of the trout family.


A short, plastic type of worm, usually rigged with a weighed jig hook.


The natural environment where people, animals and plants live. In an aquatic environment, it includes the water, topography, structure and cover present in a lake.


A fishing line used without a rod or reel; a line held in the hand.

Hard bottom

Usually a type of bottom that you would not sink far, if at all, were you to walk on it and can consist of clay, gravel, rock or sand.


A slang term describing a large lunker-size or heavyweight bass weighing 4 pounds or more.


The larvae of the dobsonfly.

Holding area

Structure that habitually attracts and holds bass.

Holding station

Place on a lake where inactive fish spend most of their time.

Honey hole

A slang term describing a specific hole, spot, or area containing big fish or lots of catchable fish.

Hopkins® spoons

A brand name of spoon with a hammered appearance.


An underwater island that generally rises gradually. Humps can often hold fish.


The science dealing with the distribution, properties and circulation of water on land, in the soil, and in the atmosphere.


The science or study of fish.

Inactive fish

Fish that are not in a feeding mood, sometimes referred to as having “lockjaw.” Examples of inactive times can be following a cold front, during a major weather change that causes a sudden rise or fall in the barometer.

In-line spinner

A spinner where the hook is on the same shaft, or line, as the spinner, such as a Mepps, Rooster Tail, Panther Martin or Vibrex spinner.

Inside bend

The inside line of a grass bed or a creek channel.

Isolated structure

A possible holding spot for fish, especially bass. Examples include a single submerged bush or rock pile on a point, a mid-lake hump, or a large tree that has fallen into the water.


A type of soft-plastic or hard-plastic bait resembling a bait fish that is typically fished in a series of quick jerks or is “ripped” to resemble a darting baitfish.


A hook with a leadhead that is usually dressed with hair, silicone, plastic or bait.

Jigging spoon

Refers to a spoon that is typically “jigged” or bounced off the bottom with a slight up-and-down motion of the rod or rod tip so the spoon resembles a dying shad or other baitfish.


Combination of a leadhead jig fitted with a pork trailer. Popular for flippin’ and pitchin’ fish-holding structure, such as submerged bushes and trees.


The practice of using a jig to catch fish.

Jon boat

A small flat-bottomed, square-fronted, shallow-draft boat that is popular with duck hunters and many anglers.


A brand name of spoon designed from solid brass. Kastmasters are made by Acme Lures and are available in 27 different color patterns with weights ranging from 1/12 oz to 4 oz.


For anglers, it is typically any fish that is worth taking home to eat. For lakes with special regulations, it can be fish of specified lengths that are legal to harvest, such as fisheries where there are slot limits.

Kevin VanDam (KVD)

A brand name of fishing lures created by Kevin VanDam, a 4-time Bassmaster Classic champion and all-time money winner on the Bassmaster Tournament trail. The KVD product line includes clothing, hats, eye wear, books, gear, lures, hooks, reels, rods, electronics, and DVDs.

Largemouth bass

Possibly the most popular freshwater sport-fish, the largemouth bass is a member of the black bass family and has a green-shaded body with a continuous dark stripe along each side, belly white to yellowish and a dorsal fin almost completely separated between spiny and soft portion, plus a lower jaw that extends past the gold-colored eye. People throughout the United States call largemouth bass by different names including: bigmouth bass,bigmouth trout, black bass, brown bass, bucketmouth, bucketmouth bass, Florida bass, Florida largemouth, gilsdorf bass, green bass, green trout, linesides, northern largemouth, Oswego bass, southern largemouth, and widemouth bass.


Refers to the subsurface stage of development of an aquatic insect.

Lake bed

The bottom of a lake.

Lake zones

Designation that includes four categories: shallow water, open water, deep water and basin.


A severe drop-off.


A term for a jig where lead is molder to the hook shaft.

Light intensisty

The amount of light that can be measured at certain depths of water; the great the intensity, the farther down the light will project. In waters where light intensity is low, brightly colored lures can be good choices.

Light cahill

A dry fly pattern.

Line guides

The eyelets or rings on a rod through which fishing line is passed.


To catch the daily limit legally allowed for a species of fish.

Lipless crankbaits

Artificial baits designed to resemble a swimming baitfish. Such baits typically vibrate or wobble during the retrieve; some have built-in rattles. Also called swimming baits. Lipless crankbaits typically sink when they are not being retrieved, which can allow anglers to fish them deeper than lipped crankbaits.


A method of landing fish, especially bass, by placing a thumb into its mouth to bend the lip down slightly, temporarily paralyzing the fish to get it into the boat or unhook and release it.


A box or container to designed to keep bait or caught fish alive.

Live baitfish

Means any species of live fish used in the taking of other aquatic organisms. The act of using live bait is called live-bait fishing. Generally each US state has their own laws regarding fishing with the use of live-bait.


Compartment in a boat designed to hold water and keep fish alive. Typically have some device for re-circulating water.

Longline fishing

A method of commercial fishing that uses a long line, called the main line, with baited fishhooks attached at intervals by branch lines called snoods. A snood is generally attached to the main line using swivels. One using a longline to catch fish is called a longliner.

Loose-action plug

A lure with wide, slow movements from side to side. Can be the lure of choice when fish are sluggish in colder water, such as during winter or early spring.


A slang term for a very large fish: can also be called a hawg, hog, Mob Hog, mule, tank, toad, slob.

Marabou jig

A weighted jig with light, fluffy feathers attached to the body.


A small aquatic fly that is an important food for trout, which means it is also important for fly-anglers.

Marker buoy

A small plastic buoy, often fluorescent color that is tossed into the water to mark a fish holding area or a school of fish. Such buoys are popular for those fishing schooling sport-fish, such as crappie, white bass, or striped bass, in open water.


Small beetle larvae often used for catching crappies or sunfish.

Mepps spinners

A brand name in-line spinner.


A lake classification describing middle-aged bodies of water between oligotrophic (young) and eutrophic (old) classifications. It is a body of water with a moderate amount of dissolved nutrients.

Migration route

The path followed by bass or other fish when moving from one area to another.


Surface-growing aquatic plants.


A small leadhead jig, usually 1/16- or 1/32-ounce, often used for catching crappie or sunfish.

Monofilament fishing line

A kind of fishing line made from a single, untwisted, synthetic filament (pastic fiber). Monofilament comes in many different tests (tensile strength) and colors (blue, camo, green, fluorescent, hi-vis, pink, red, silver, smoke, and white). Monofilament fishing line isn’t recommended for use in deepwater fishing, since it will absorb water, resulting in looser knots and decreased sensitivity. Monofilament degrades over time and when exposed to excess or extreme heat or sunlight.

Moon phases

The four phases or quarters of the moon are usually what the fisherman is concerned with. Generally, the bad times in a month occur three days prior and three days after the full moon or new moon. The first-quarter and second-quarter periods are considered as the good moon times.


The nostrils of fish. Fish do not breathe through their nares but use them for smelling.


The spot in where are fish, such as a largemouth bass or bluegill, deposits its eggs. Some nests, such as those for largemouth bass, can be well defined. For largemouth bass, the female lays the eggs and the male guards the eggs. See the listing for “redd.”

Night crawler

A common type of worm used in fishing.


The act of fishing during the night.

Nongame fish

Include all the species of fish except the game fish.

Nonnative fish

A species of fish that isn’t native to the state, region, or body of water.


The nymphal sate of an aquatic insect, or an imitation of same for nymph-fishing.


Refers to the color and or clarity of the water. The normal off-color conditions include brown or mud-stained such as from runoff, green from algae or algae blooms and brown from tannic acid.

Open-faced reel

A typical or standard spinning reel in which the line comes off the fixed spool in loops and there is no nose cone.


The ear bone of a fish. The age of a fish can be determined by counting the layers in the otolith, much like the rings of a tree.

Outside bend

The outside line of a creek channel or grass bed. For underwater structure, it can also refer to the outside line of a submerged wash or arroyo.


Lake classification used to describe young bodies of water characterized by deep, clear, cold, weedless water that can support fish, such as trout.

Organic baits

Minnows, insects, worms, fish eggs, cut bait, cheese or similar substances.


To cast a lure, fly or bait beyond the aimed-for target.


Fishing pressure beyond which a sustainable population of fish or stocking effort can be maintained.

Oxbow lake

A crescent (u-shaped) lake that lies in close proximity to that of a winding river. Oxbow lakes are created over time from soil erosion, sedimentary deposits that ultimately change the river’s course. Since June 2, 1932, Lake Montgomery has been arguably one of the most famous oxbow lakes in angling history. George Perry landed his 22 pound, 4 ounce largemouth bass on an oxbow of the Ocmulgee River in South Georgia. His record still stands to this day.


Any of a variety of species of fish that resemble the shape of a frying pan, thus the name. Often applies to sunfish, crappie, perch, other small fish or small sizes of other species.

Panther Martin

Since 1958, Harrison Hoge Industries, Inc. has been manufacturing and selling quality fishing lures. Panther Martin is best-known for the Panther Martin Spinner lure, having sold more than 100,000,000.

Parr marks

Parr marks describe one of the dark traverse bands or lines on the side of a young salmonids.

Quiver tip

A quiver tip is a flexible extension that’s added onto a fishing rod. Designed to move, or “quiver”, when a fish strikes or has takes the bait.


A description of the above term.


Salmon is the common name for several species of fish in the family salmonidae.


Salmonidae is a family of ray-finned fish that includes salmon, trout, chars, freshwater whitefishes, and graylings,


Tackle describes almost any gear used for fishing. Some examples are hooks, lines, sinkers, floats, bobbers, rods, reels, baits, lures, spears, nets, gaffs, traps, waders, tackle bags, and tackle boxes.

Terminal tackle

Terminal tackle describes any tackle that is attached to the end of a fishing line, including but not limited to: fishing line, fishing weights/sinkers, bobbers/floats, leaders, and hooks.


The term used to describe the quality, performance, or reliability of fishing line. Test is represented as #8 (8 pound test). The actual breaking strength of your fishing line can be affected by the type of knot used, amount of line distortion, damage caused by UV (ultraviolet) rays, or even a poorly set drag.

Texas rig

The Texas rig is a rigging technique that is used for fishing with soft plastic lures. The Texas rig includes a bullet-shaped weight that is first threaded onto the fishing line, followed by an optional glass or plastic bead (to prevent tension on your fishing know), and then the line is tied onto an offset fishing hook.


The thermocline is the transition layer between the mixed layer at the surface and the deep water layer (based on temperature).


A description of the above term.


A classification of fishing tackle that is geared for smaller species.

Ultra-light fishing line

The #1 and #3.


A description of the above term.

Ventral fin

A description of the above term.


A description of the above term.


A description of the above term.


Waders are a high waterproof garment designed for the legs and body. Waders are intended to keep you dry and are used often when fly fishing in a river, stream, or lake shore.


A description of the above term.


A description of the above term.


A description of the above term.


A yearling is a classification of the development stage of fish following the fingerling stage and lasting until approximately one year of age.

Yolk sak

A description of the above term.


Also known as the European pike perch, the zander is a species of freshwater fish native to continental Europe to western Siberia. The zander is a fierce and elusive game fish, known for its long, elegant body.


Zebco invented tangle-free fishing with the Zebco 33® Spincast Reel over in 1947, making it easy for anyone to cast like a pro with the push of a button. Today it remains America’s best-selling brands of fishing rods, fishing reels, and fishing line.


Zooplankton are classified either by their size or stage of development. Size categories include: picoplankton (< 2 micrometers), nanoplankton (2-20 micrometers), microplankton (20-200 micrometers), mesoplankton (0.2-20 millimeters), macroplankton (20-200 millimeters), and the megaplankton (>200 millimeters). There are two categories used to classify zooplankton by their stage of development: meroplankton and holoplankton.